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Here is what we think is the only comprehensive record of pubs and beerhouses within the Coventry city boundaries going back as far as available records allow. This is an ongoing project so contributions, corrections or additions to this archive, especially anecdotes, photos and media are most welcome. Feel free to contact us for a pint and a chat anytime.

The Spread Eagle

photo

West Orchard 1909

NAME SPREAD EAGLE
ADDRESS 25 WEST ORCHARD
ALTERNATIVE ADDRESSES 26 WEST ORCHARD

An eagle with its wings spread out was established as an emblem by the Romans. it is associated with many countries including Austria, Germany, Russia, Spain and France and with the bald eagle, U.S.A. british noble families adopted the spread eagle in their coats of arms after service in such countries, e.g. Viscount Montague in Hampshire and the Hoares in Wiltshire.

In 1756 six soldiers were billeted here. Coventry's stocks were nearby. It closed c1906 and was compensated.

Licensees
1822 - 1823 S. Lynes
1835 John Bodden
1841 Thomas Chattaway
1850 - 1851 George Gibson
1861 Job Snape
1868 - 1874 William Bickerton watchmaker & publican
1879 - 1881 Samuel Fox
1886 - 1891 James Ward
1893 - 1894 William Gough
1896 William Ward
1903 - 1905 G. Davies 
map

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DICT PN An eagle with its wings spread out was established as a national emblem by the Romans. It is associated heraldically with many countries including Austria, Germany, Russia, Spain and France. The white - headed Americn eagle with outspread wings is the emblem of the United States. The British noble families who make use of a spread eagle in their coats of arms usually imported the device after trips to foreign parts, beginning with the crusades, e.g. Viscounts Montagu in Hampshire and the Hoare family in Wiltshire

1756 Alderman Hewitt 6 soldiers billeted

1762 JA10 Wilson Spread Eagle Friendly Society formed at the inn of the same name

14.3.1762 JA34 CS Spread Eagle Friendly Society formed at the inn.

1795 - 1844 JA25 & JA32 Deeds

CCA/2/8/141

1808 JA32 PA56/108/31-32 The Spread Eagle Society which now meets at the Bird in Hand

( Little Park Street )

1820 JA33 PA1336/1 License to Samuel Lyons of the Spread Eagle, Holy Trinity Parish, Coventry, to sell beer, ale, cider and perry

Cov Streets P85 Map

COC P6 Close to the stocks. Used by ' Trudge ' Chittem when incarcerated.

25.3.1833 JA7 Wheatley's Charity

Henry Merridew tenant, 14 year lease from 25.3.1833 of dwelling house and brewhouse on the south side of West Orchard Street adjoining the Spread Eagle Inn.

1833 JA34 Ref 34 Dwelling house, yard and brewhouse on south side of West Orchard Street adjoining the Spread Eagle Inn

1834 JA32 PA56/108/38-39 The Spread Eagle Society which still meets at the Bird in Hand

( Little Park Street )

1851 Source 49 Board of Health Map

23.5.1851 JA141 CS Transfer of license from George Gibson to Thomas Rainsford

8.8.1855 JA Cov Times Transfer of license from Mary Ann Batten to Job Snape

1.9.1865 JA141 CS License granted to William Bickerton for 26 West Orchard

28.8.1878 LJ Vol 1 P16 SPREAD EAGLE, West Orchard Alehouse
Owner : Dennis George Barnes, Coventry
later Arthur Henry Masser, Foleshill
later Phipps,Northampton
later Atkinson
Licensee : Samuel Fox
27.4.1882 TOL to James Blott Butler
15.3.1883 TOL to Ann Payne
9.8.1883 TOL to James Ward
28.7.1893 TOL to William John Gough
26.7.1895 TOL to William Ward
18.5.1899 TOL to Henry Pendleton
26.5.1873 fined 20/- & costs Sunday trading
29.7.1878 fined 40/- & costs permitting drunkenness
10.2.1892 fined 10/- & costs for being drunk on his own premises
27.5.1893 fined £ 1 & costs for keeping open
25.3.1899 fined 10/- & costs drunk on his own premises
15.4.1899 fined £ 1 & costs drunk on his own premises

1906 Police Closed ( compensated ? )

LICENSEES

1820 JA33 PA1336/1 Samuel Lyons

1822/23 Pigot S. Lynes

1828/29 Pigot S. Lynes

1835 Pigot John Bodden

1841 Census Thomas Chattaway 31 yo b Wks m Elizabeth, 30 & 1 kid

1841 Pigot Thomas Chattaway & Mark, 25, maltster

1845 Kelly G. Gibson

1850 COS George Gibson

1851 Census George Gibson 39 yo b Coventry m Ann, 46 & 1d
1851 JA141 CS George Gibson

1851 JA141 CS Thomas Rainsford

1855 JA Cov Times Mary Ann Batten

1855 JA Cov Times Job Snape

1861 Census Job Snape 30 yo b Stretton m Mary Ann, 38 & 2s, 2 lodgers, 2 visitors,
1865 JA141 CS William Bickerton [ 1 servant

1868 Buchanan W. Bickerton

23.11.1868 Lantern William Bickerton

1871 Census William Bickerton 58 yo watchmaker & publican b Radford m Mary, 54

1874 C&B W. Bickerton [ & 1d, 1 son-in-law, 1 servant, 1 visitor
1878 LJ Vol 1 P16 Samuel Fox
1879 Stevens Samuel Fox

1881 C&B Samuel Fox
1882 LJ Vol 1 P16 Samuel Fox
1882 LJ Vol 1 P16 James Blott Butler
1883 LJ Vol 1 P16 James Blott Butler
1883 LJ Vol 1 P16 Ann Payne
1883 LJ Vol 1 P16 James Ward
1886 C&B James Ward

1890/91 R&G James Ward
1893 LJ Vol 1 P16 James Ward
1893 LJ Vol 1 P16 William John Gough
1893 Reporter William Gough

1894 R&G W. Gough
1895 LJ Vol 1 P16 William John Gough
1895 LJ Vol 1 P16 William Ward
1896 R&G William Ward
1899 LJ Vol 1 P16 William Ward
1899 LJ Vol 1 P16 Henry Pendleton
1903 R&G G. Davies

1905 R&G G. Davies

OWNERS

1878 LJ Vol 1 P16 Dennis George Barnes, Coventry
later LJ Vol 1 P16 Arthur Henry Masser, Foleshill
later LJ Vol 1 P16 Phipps,Northampton
later LJ Vol 1 P16 Atkinson
1898 LJ Vol 1 P16 Atkinson

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