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Here is what we think is the only comprehensive record of pubs and beerhouses within the Coventry city boundaries going back as far as available records allow. This is an ongoing project so contributions, corrections or additions to this archive, especially anecdotes, photos and media are most welcome. Feel free to contact us for a pint and a chat anytime.

The Dolphin Inn

photo

This is a view of the original fish market in Market Place, Cross Cheaping just behind Broadgate:
The pub on the right is the original Dolphin.

NAME DOLPHIN INN
ADDRESS 5 CROSS CHEAPING
ALTERNATIVE ADDRESSES MARKET PLACE
The dolphin was looked upon by ancient seamen as a friendly creature who would help them in a storm by twining itself around the anchor cable. This would prevent the anchor from dragging and secure the safety of the ship. With such a reputation it is not surprising the Dolphin became a much used ship name, being used by the Royal navy from 1648 to present. A dolphin also figures in many coats of arms, especially those of the Fishmonger's Company and the Company of Watermen and Lightermen.

This pub is known to have existed in 1731, when it is mentioned as a boundary of an adjoining property. In 1756, 8 soldiers were billeted here. in 1762 ' The Wonder Man ' was on view at the Dolphin.

At Michaelmas 1893 it was leased by Phillips and Marriotts for £50 per annum from Coventry Corporation. This lease war renewed in 1900 for £130 and again in 1907 and 1914. In 1910 the pub was advertising home brewed ales, and in 1940 or 1941 it closed. Was this due to bomb damage?
Known Licensees are;
1822 - 1829 Eli Wise Peters
1835 - 1841 John Rainbow innkeeper
1841 - 1845 Samuel Hurst or Hunt
1850 - 1851 Benjamin Geroge Holton innkeeper
1861 William Lovatt (See also at Red Lion, Greyfriars in 1850)
1868 Henry Adkins (See also at Bear & Bacchus in 1871)
1871 John Crichton
1874 J. Crutchlow
1879 - 1881 Charles James Vincent
1886 C. Thomas
1890 - 1891 F. G. Jordan
1893 - 1909 M. Dalton
1911 - 1913 Mrs Dalton
1919 - 1924 Sidney Austin Penn
1926 - 1934 A. Appletree
1935 - 1938 F. Rollason
1939 - 1940 J. German
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DICT PN The dolphin was looked upon by ancient seamen as a friendly creature who would help them in a storm by twining itself around the anchor cable. This would prevent the anchor from dragging and secure the safety of the ship. With such a reputation it was not surprising the dolphin became a much used ship name, being used by the Royal Navy from 1648 to the present day. A dolphin also figures in many coats of arms, especially those of the Fishmongers Company and the Company of Watermen and Lightermen

20/10/1673 JA33 BA/B/16/264/1 Stephen Beale ( of Coventry, baker ) and Abel Brooksby ( of Coventry, apothecary ) granted Charles Winterton ( of Coventry, baker ) and his wife Mary, the Dolphin Inn, Linghams Lane, Cross Cheaping Ward ( successively occupied by the late widow Jane Baynham and Stephen Beale ) to their use.

9.10.1731 CR 90/20 Boundary of property

1756 Aderman Hewitt 8 soldiers billeted. Address Market Place

1762 JA10 Wilson The Wonder Man was on view at the Dolphin

7/5/1770 JA34 JCM Coal merchant John Pierce, at his house, the Dolphin Inn, Cross Cheaping

12/4/1772 JA34 JCM Lease of the Dolphin, Cross Cheaping

c1800 COC P42 Mentioned in Napoleonic Poem

1851 Source 49 Board of Health Map

13.5.1863 JA137 Transfer of license from Stephen Bedford to Samuel Hunt

22.7.1864 JA141 CH&O Transfer of license from Samuel Hunt to John Blundell

28.8.1878 LJ Vol 1 P49 DOLPHIN, Cross Cheaping Alehouse
Owner : Corporation of Coventry
Licensee : David Ward
12.12.1878 TOL to James Ward
10.7.1879 TOL to Charles James Vincent
8.11.1884 TOL to Charles Thomas
26.5.1887 TOL to John Dunnicliff
12.1.1888 TOL to Frank George Jordan
21.5.1891 TOL to Matthew Dalton
25.11.1872 fined 40/- & costs keeping open
20.9.1878 fined 20/-& costs & license endorsed permitting gaming
28.11.1877 fined 10/- + costs keeping open

1881 CBH P67 FLYING MONARCH ( Bicycles )
2-3 Butcher Row & 7A St Michaels Churchyard
Frederick James Vincent was born in Loughborough in 1875, but his family moved to Coventry soon after, his father becoming the landlord of the Dolphin Inn.

Michaelmas 1893 P&M PR Leased by Phillips & Marriott for 7 years for £ 50 from Coventry Corporation

Michaelmas 1900 P&M PR Lease lapsed. Let to Dalton for £ 130 p.a.

25.12.1907 P&M PR Re - let to Dalton fro £ 130 p.a. for 7 years

1910 Cov AIW Photo 37 Dolphin Hotel - Home Brewed Ales

c1910 MOC P73 Photo
Market Square c1910

25.12.1914 P&M PR Re - let to Dalton for 7 years

c1940 - 41 Closed

LICENSEES

1822/23 Pigot E. W. Peters

1828/29 Pigot Eli Wise Peters

1835 Pigot John Rainbow

1841 Census John Rainbow 41yo innkeeper b wks m Bathsheba, 39 & 4 kids

1841 Pigot Samuel Hurst

1845 Kelly S. Hunt

1850 COS Benjamin George Holton

1851 Census Benjamin George Holton 28yo innkeper b Tingewick, Bkm, alone

1861 Census William Lovatt 49yo b at sea m Elizabeth, 47 & 2 servants,
1863 JA137 Stephen Bedford [ 2 boarders

1863 JA137 Samuel Hunt
1864 JA141 CH&O Samuel Hunt

1864 JA141 CH&O John Blundell

1868 Buchanan H. Adkins

23.11.1868 Lantern Henry Adkins

1871 Census John Crichton 49 yo b Coventry m Annie, 39 & 5d, 3s

1874 C&B J. Crutchlow
1878 LJ Vol 1 P49 David Ward
1878 LJ Vol 1 P49 James Ward
1879 LJ Vol 1 P49 James Ward
1879 LJ Vol 1 P49 Charles James Vincent
1879 Stevens Charles James Vincent

1881 C&B C. J. Vincent
1884 LJ Vol 1 P49 Charles James Vincent
1884 LJ Vol 1 P49 Charles Thomas
1886 C&B C. Thomas
1887 LJ Vol 1 P49 Charles Thomas
1887 LJ Vol 1 P49 John Dunnicliff
1888 LJ Vol 1 P49 John Dunnicliff
1888 LJ Vol 1 P49 Frank George Jordan
1890/91 R&G F. G. Jordan

1891 LJ Vol 1 P49 Frank George Jordan
1891 LJ Vol 1 P49 Matthew Dalton
1893 Reporter M. Dalton

1894 R&G M. Dalton

1896 R&G M. Dalton
1898 LJ Vol 1 P49 Matthew Dalton
1903 R&G M. Dalton

1905 R&G M. Dalton

1909 R&G M. Dalton

1911/12 Spennell Mrs Dalton

1912/13 Spennell Mrs Dalton

1919 Spennell Sidney Austin Penn

1921/22 Spennell Sidney Austin Penn

1924 P. James Sidney Austin Penn

1926/27 P. James A. Appletree

1929 P. James A. Appletree

1931/32 P. James A. Appletree

1933/34 P. James A. Appletree

1935/36 P. James F. Rolleston

1937/38 P. James F. Rolleston

1939/40 P. James J. German

OWNERS

1878 LJ Vol 1 P49 Corporation of Coventry
1898 LJ Vol 1 P49 Corporation of Coventry

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