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Here is what we think is the only comprehensive record of pubs and beerhouses within the Coventry city boundaries going back as far as available records allow. This is an ongoing project so contributions, corrections or additions to this archive, especially anecdotes, photos and media are most welcome. Feel free to contact us for a pint and a chat anytime.

The Courtyard

The Courtyard..Coventry.
1624 1992 ROSE AND CROWN
1992 closure COURTYARD

This pub is Grade II Listed being c1800 stucco, set back from the street in its yard and one of the few early inns surviving in central Coventry. The first mention I have found was in in 1624 when certain houses are said to stand near the Rose and Crown gateway. This gateway must have been quite substantial as in1853 there was a lease of a ware-room above it. At this date, the seventeenth century that is, the pub appears to have been known as the CROWN.

In 1692 Thomas King bought the Rose and Crown and then in the eighteenth century it was owned by a changing partnership of up to six people. The pub appears on Bradford's map of 1748/9 so it was a substantial building. After Coventry Races in 1755 ordinaries, set meals at a fixed price were sold here. In 1756 fourteen soldiers were billeted here, confirming it as one of the largest inns in Coventry. It is said that the accommodation at the Rose and Crown was used by carriers. Being such large premises, they were used for public entertainment. In 1785, 'a large commodious room accommodated the Amazing Pig of Knowledge which could count and tell either the time or 'any lady's or gentlemen's thoughts'. Now if only I had a pig like that! During the Great Fair (the Corpus Christi or Show Fair lasted eight days) of 1795, the Sadlers Wells Company came with a troupe of Italian acrobats and performed the 'Harlequin Skeleton' in the Assembly Rooms and at the Rose and Crown whilst the acrobats entertained in the yard.

in 1762 the Rose and Crown was the meeting place of the Provincial Grand Lodge of Warwickshire (Freemasons)

For two years a boys school was held in a large room in the Rose and Crown. This was because St. Michael's parish school in Union Street had closed in 1853 and the new school was not opened until 1855.

In 1935 it was said to have 'spacious and comfortable lounge. Flowers and Sons ales, finest wines and spirits'. In 1961 Jimmy Taylor wrote at some length about the delights of the Rose and Crown, see below.

I can't help but feel that we have lost something in the past half century. In 1992 the pub became the COURTYARD.

Known Licensees are;
1845 Ann Onions
1841 - 1850 John Lee
1861 - 1874 Joseph Hayward (or Haywood)
1879 - 1881 James Day
1886 - 1891 J. Graynoth
1893 S. A. Graynoth
1894 - 1896 Joseph Cotton
1903 - 1905 Mrs. J. Sewell
1909 - 1913 George Sumner
1919 - 1934 W. H. Grainger
1935 - 1940 A. Sheffiled
1947 - 1959 Reg A. Sheffield
1959 - 1961 Kenneth Frank Greenwell
1961 Roy C. Baker
1962 Reg A. Suffolk (see also City Arms, Earlsdon and Craven Arms, High Street)
1960's Thady Joseph Flannelly (see also Old Clarence, Earlsdon)
1692 Thomas King
1748 E. King, younger, son of T. King
1748 C. Harbridge & J. Pickering
1765 C. Harbridge & J. Pickering & J. Asplin & J. Chambers & W. Dawkes & J. Masfen
1837 G. Bunney
1848 S. Bunney
1935 - 1961 Flowers
Courtyard Coventry

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