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Here is what we think is the only comprehensive record of pubs and beerhouses within the Coventry city boundaries going back as far as available records allow. This is an ongoing project so contributions, corrections or additions to this archive, especially anecdotes, photos and media are most welcome. Feel free to contact us for a pint and a chat anytime.
photo

Thomas Street prior to demolition

NAME COMPASSES
ADDRESS 17 THOMAS STREET

THIS PREMISES HAS BEEN KNOWN BY DIFFERENT NAMES DURING ITS HISTORY

See all available records HERE

FROM TO KNOWN AS
c1835 1910 COMPASSES / THREE COMPASSES / COMPASS
This is usually a reference to the compass or compasses that appear on the Arms of the Masons (one), the Joiners (two) or the Carpenters (three), or the pub may interpret the name as the kind of compass used by mariners to guide their ships. In the directories the name continually changes between Compasses, Three Compasses and Compass.

In 1856 the pub was used for an inquest. In 1858 it was to let and in 1865 the pub was up for sale. On 6th March 1868 William Newbold was fined for keeping his house open for the sale of beer during divine service on a Sunday. The Compasses closed on 14.7.1910 and became a lodging house.
Known Licensees are;
1835 - 1841 Edwin Bradshaw
1841 - 1850 William Ellis. He died in 1850 and his wife, Sarah took over the license
1850 - 1851 Sarah Ellis. The license was transferred from Sarah Ellis to Thomas Allen in 1851
1851 Thomas Allen
1855 John Aspinall. The license was transferred from John Aspinall to William West in this year
1855 William West
1861 Elizabeth Hassall
1864 John Rose. The license was transferred from John Rose to Thomas Hassall in this year
1864 Thomas Hassall
1865 John Hassall. the license was transferred from John Hassall to William Newbold in this year
1865 - 1888 William Newbold
1890 - 1894 J. or T. Arch or Archer. There seems to be some confusion here !
1896 Laurence Newbold
1898 - 1901 Thomas Gould
1903 - 1904 William Ballard
1905 Mrs. Theresa Sarah Phipps
1907 - 1909 Robert Harris
map


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Dict PN Usually a reference to the compass or compasses that appear on the Arms of the Masons ( one ), Joners ( two ) or Carpenters ( three ). Or the pub may interpret the name as the kind of compass used by a mariner to guide him back to port.

23.5.1851 JA4 & 141 CS Transfer of license from Sarah Ellis to Thomas Allen

1851 Source 49 Board of Health Map
Three Compasses

18.5.1855 JA4 & 143 CS Transfer of license from John Aspinall to William West

23.8.1856 JA4 CS Inquest on Charles Hill who was found dead in bed held at the pub.

12.11.1858 JA4 CS Pub to let

23.12.1864 JA4 CS Transfer of license from John Rose to Thomas Hassall

7.4.1865 JA4 CS Pub for sale

6.5.1865 JA4 & 141 CS Transfer of license from John Hassall to William Newbold

6.3.1868 JA4 CS William Newbold fined for keeping his house open for the sale of beer during divine service on Sunday.

28.8.1878 LJ Vol 1 P32 COMPASSES, Thomas Street
Owner : William Newbold
later Atkinsons Ltd, Birmingham
Licensee : William Newbold
28.6.1885 TOL to James Arch
1.10.1889 TOL to Joseph Arch
27.2.1896 TOL to Lawrence Newbold
20.5.1897 TOL to Richard Matthews
28.7.1898 TOL to Thomas Jonathon Yeomans Gould
9.8.1879 fined 5/- & costs keeping open

1887 COC P56 Cov Times Inn signs

14.7.1910 Closed

1911 JA4 Became a lodging house

See JA44

LICENSEES

1835 Pigot Edwin Bradshaw Compass

1841 Census William Ellis

1841 Pigot William Ellis Three Compasses

1845 Kelly JA4 William Ellis

1850 CS JA4 William Ellis dies

1850 CS JA4 Sarah Ellis

1850 CS Sarah Ellis Three Compasses

1851 Census Sarah Ellis 46 yo b Kenilworth alone Three Compasses

1851 JA4 CS Sarah Ellis

1851 JA4 CS Thomas Allen

1855 JA4 CS John Aspinall

1855 JA4 CS William West

1861 Census Elizabeth Hassall 29 yo b Coventry & 1 servant, 1 lodger

1863 Kelly JA4 Elizabeth Hassall

1864 JA4 CS John Rose

1864 JA4 CS Thomas Hassall

1865 JA141 CS John Hassall

1865 JA141 CS William Newbold

1868 Buchanan W. Newbold Compass
23.11.1868 Lantern William Newbold Compasses
1871 Census William Newbold47 yo b Coventry m Catherine, 47 & 1d Three Compasses

1874 C&B W. Newbold Three Compasses

1876 JA4 William Newbold Three Compasses
1878 LJ Vol 1 P32 William Newbold Compasses
1879 Stevens William Newbold Three Compasses

1880 C&B JA4 William Newbold Three Compasses

1881 C&B W. Newbold Three Compasses

1881 Kelly JA4 William Newbold Compasses

1884 Kelly JA4 William Newbold Compasses
1885 LJ Vol 1 P32 William Newbold Compasses
1885 LJ Vol 1 P32 James Arch ( is this entry correct ? ) Compasses
1886 C&B William Newbold Three Compasses

1886 Kelly JA4 William Newbold Compasses

1888 JA4 William Newbold Compasses

1889 LJ Vol 1 P32 James Arch Compasses
1889 LJ Vol 1 P32 Joseph Arch Compasses
1890/91 R&G T. Arch Compasses
1890/91 JA4 J. Archer

1892 JA4 Joseph Archer

1893 Reporter J. Archer Compasses

1893 JA4 Joseph Arch

1894 R&G J. Arch Compasses
1896 LJ Vol 1 P32 Joseph Arch Compasses
1896 LJ Vol 1 P32 Lawrence Newbold Compasses
1896 R&G Laurence Newbold Compasses
1897 LJ Vol 1 P32 Lawrence Newbold Compasses
1897 LJ Vol 1 P32 Richard Matthews Compasses
1898 LJ Vol 1 P32 Richard Matthews Compasses
1898 LJ Vol 1 P32 Thomas Jonathon Yeomans Gould Compasses
1898 JA4 Thomas Gould

1900/01 JA4 Thomas Gould

1903 R&G William Ballard Compasses

1904 JA4 William Ballard

1905 R&G Mrs Theresa Sarah Phipps Compasses

1907 JA4 Robert Harris

1908 JA4 Robert Harris

1909 R&G Robert Harris Compasses

OWNERS

1878 LJ Vol 1 P32 William Newbold
later LJ Vol 1 P32 Atkinsons Ltd, Birmingham
1898 LJ Vol 1 P32 Atkinsons Ltd, Birmingham

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