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Here is what we think is the only comprehensive record of pubs and beerhouses within the Coventry city boundaries going back as far as available records allow. This is an ongoing project so contributions, corrections or additions to this archive, especially anecdotes, photos and media are most welcome. Feel free to contact us for a pint and a chat anytime.

The Castle Vaults

photo

A postcard featuring the old Market Tower is a rare view of Market Place, which led through from where Broadgate and Cross Cheaping met to the tower, where you could turn left and take Market Street back to Smithford Street. If we are interpreting the map below correctly, The Market Tavern / White Rose is on the left and The Lamp Tavern is on the corner of Market Street to the left in the distance. Photo courtesy of Rob Orland

NAME CASTLE VAULTS
ALTERNATIVE NAMES HOLE IN THE WALL, CASTLE HOTEL, CASTLE VAULTS,
ADDRESS 18/19 MARKET STREET
ALTERNATIVE ADDRESSES MARKET PLACE, CROSS CHEAPING
This has been a common pub name for centuries. It is tempting to connect it with the phrase 'an Englishman's home is his castle', a phrase which has been in use since the seventeenth century, but it is more likely to refer to either

a. Coventry Castle.
b. the castle in the City Coat of Arms.
c. a simple visual sign, easy to illustrate and easy for patrons to recognise.

This pub appears to have started c1882 as a replacement for the Castle Inn, Broadgate. From 1895 it was leased by Phillips and Marriott From Henry and Mary Price. In 1916 they purchased it for £ 3500. In 1929 the Castle Vaults was rebuilt and the White Rose at No 19 Market Street was demolished to provide a rear entrance to the Castle Vaults. The license of the White Rose was surrendered. The Vaukts was destroted in the blitz of 1940 and in 1957 its license was transferred to the Market Tavern in Market Way.
Known Licensees are;
1886 - 1893 E. B. Twycross
1894 W. Farmer
1896 Theresa Sarah Morris
1902 - 1903 Theresa Sarah Phipps ( ne Morris )
1904 - 1909 Robert Brown
1909 - 1910 Thomas Pegg Furman ( or Turman )
1911 - 1916 Henry Horne
1917 - 1922 William Wishlade
1922 - 1934 G. A. Eaton
1935 - 1938 T. Pointon
1939 - 1940 J. H. (Harry) Ward (see also Foleshiil Old Hall, Crow in the Oak, Foleshill and the Bell, Keresley)
Owners;
to 1916 Henry & Mary Price
from 1916 Phillips & Marriott

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Dict PN This has been a common pub name for centuries. It is tempting to connect it with the phrase ' an Englishman's home is his castle ', a phrase which has been in use since the seventeenth century, but it is more likely to refer to -

a. Coventry Castle
b. The castle in the City Coat of Arms

c. A simple visual sign, easy to illustrate and easy for patrons to recognise.

28.8.1878 LJ Vol1 P16 CASTLE, Broadgate Alehouse
Owner : Henry William Eaton, 33 Old Broad Street, London
later the executors of Henry Price, Coventry
Still the Castle Hotel, Broadgate Licensee : Henry Edward ( Edmund ) Florence
Still the Castle Hotel, Broadgate 14.8.1880 TOL to Frances Phillips and Walter Henry Marriott
Still the Castle Hotel, Broadgate 11.8.1881 Edward Benjamin Twycross
17.5.1893 TOL to Walter Farmer
22.6.1899 TOL to Theresa Sarah Morris
26.9.1894 fined 10/- for selling during prohibited hours

1882 JA73 Castle Inn, Broadgate, relocated to Castle Vaults, Market Place

1887 COC P54 Cov Times Inn signs

1.8.1895 P&M PR Leased by Phillips & Marriott for 7 years for 110 & 50 pounds bonus, from the executors of the late Mr H. Price - cheques to Mrs H. Price, Priory Street, Coventry.

1.8.1902 P&M PR Re-leased by Phillips & Marriott for 7 years for 110 & 90 pounds bonus.

1.8.1909 P&M PR Re-leased by Phillips & Marriott for 1 years for 110 & 100 pounds bonus.

1.7.1910 P&M PR Re-leased by Phillips & Marriott for 1 years for 110 & 100 pounds bonus.

1.8.1911 P&M PR Re-leased by Phillips & Marriott for 6 1/2 years for 110 & 100 pounds bonus.

21.3.1916 CR 101/12/211 Sale catalogue for Henry and Mary Price's property in Broadgate - the Castle Vaults Inn.

21.3.1916 P&M PR Purchased by Phillips & Marriott for £ 3500

1929 Police License of White Rose, market Place, surrendered for the rebuilding of the Castle Vaults, Market Place.

1929 JA73 In 1929 the Castle Vaults was rebiuilt and the White Rose at No 19 was demolished to provide a rear entrance to the Castle Vaults. The license of the White Rose was surrendered.

1940 Citypubs 43 Better known as ' The Holed in the Wall '. Entirely destroyed in the Coventry Blitz of 1940.

2.11.1957 JA16 CET Suspended license of Castle Vaults transferred to the Market Tavern, which opened on that date.

LICENSEES

1881 LJ Vol 1 P16 Edward Benjamin Twycross
1886 C&B E. Twycross

1890/91 R&G E. B. Twycross

1890/91 Reporter E. B. Twycross
1893 LJ Vol 1 P16 Edward Benjamin Twycross
1893 LJ Vol 1 P16 Walter Farmer
1894 R&G W.Farmer

1896 R&G Theresa Sarah Morris This one seems to be out of place
1899 LJ Vol 1 P16 Walter Farmer
1899 LJ Vol 1 P16 Theresa Sarah Morris
19.11.1902 P&M PR Theresa Sarah Phipps ( ne Morris )

1903 R&G Theresa S. Phipps

2.11.1904 P&M PR Robert Brown Market Place

1905 R&G Robert Brown Market Place

1909 R&G Robert Brown Market Place

26.7.1909 P&M PR Thomas Pegg Furman manager H. Horne

1.7.1910 P&M PR Thomas Pegg Furman new agreement

1911/12 Spennell Henry Horne

1912/13 Spennell Henry Horne

12.5.1916 P&M PR Henry Horne

23.1.1917 P&M PR William Wishlade

1919 Spennell William Wishlade

1921/22 Spennell William Wishlade

25.4.1922 P&M PR George Alfred Eaton

1924 P. James G. A. Eaton

1926/27 P. James G. A. Eaton

1929 P. James G. A. Eaton

1931/32 P. James G. A. Eaton

1933/34 P. James G. A. Eaton

1935/36 P. James T. Pointon

1937/38 P. James T. Pointon

1939/40 P. James J. H. ( Harry ) Ward

OWNERS

1878 LJ Vol1 P16 Henry William Eaton, 33 Old Broad Street, London
later LJ Vol1 P16 The executors of Henry Price, Coventry
1916 CR 101/12/211 Harry & Mary Price
1916 P&M PR Phillips & Marriott

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